Thursday, 25 April 2019

The Biggest Contribution of chlorine to Humanity

Chlorine was discovered in 1774 by carl Whihelm Scheele but its name was given by Humphry Davy in 1810. The name Chlorine is derived from colour, meaning green, referring to the colour of the gas. Chlorine has become an important element nowadays and its application are enormously more than even you can imagine.

Chlorine Application

Chlorine is an important chemical which is mainly used for water purification, bleach, in mustard gas and in disinfectants.chlorine is involved in bleaching wood pulp for paper making, bleach is also used industrially to remove link from recycling paper. Chlorine chemistry is critical for manufacturing medicines we depend on, it is generally used to make medicines which lower cholesterol, control arthritis pain and relieve allergy symptoms. Another major use of chlorine is in organic chemistry. It is used as an oxidising agent and in substitution reactions. 85% of pharmaceuticals company use chlorine or its compounds at some stage in their manufacture.

 The contribution made by chlorine

Since it's discovery chlorine found its application in many fields, as discussed earlier the application of chlorine, one thing is sure that its application is getting widened day by day. In the past chlorine was commonly used to make chloroform (an anaesthetic) and carbon tetrachloride (a dry-cleaning solvent). However, both of these chemicals are now strictly controlled as they can cause liver damage and results in severe health problems.

Chlorine was mainly used in human history to remove various bacterias and viruses from water and it's termed later as chlorination of water which is mostly use till now to make water potable. Chlorine so far finds it's application in many fields, from pharmaceutical to the food industry and now scientist is working in making fast processor using chlorine as one of the base material.